The most common symptoms of vaginal atrophy are dryness, irritation, and pain during intercourse. Although menopause is the most common cause, vaginal atrophy can result from anything that lowers estrogen production. That includes chemotherapy, radiation, removal of the ovaries during hysterectomy, and use of anti-estrogenic therapies such as aromatase inhibitors, tamoxifen Nolvadexand drugs like leuprolide Lupron and nafarelin Synarelwhich are used to treat fibroids and endometriosis.
Back to Health A to Z. Vaginal dryness is a common problem that many women have at some point in their lives. But there are things that can help.
During a pelvic exam, your doctor inserts two gloved fingers inside your vagina. While simultaneously pressing down on your abdomen, he or she can evaluate your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs. To treat genitourinary syndrome of menopause, your doctor may first recommend over-the-counter treatment options, including:.
A new low-dose vaginal estrogen capsule may help relieve symptoms of menopausal vulvar and vaginal atrophy, including dyspareunia pain during sexnew industry-sponsored research reports. Vulvar and vaginal atrophy affects roughly 50 percent -- 32 million -- of postmenopausal women in the United States. This widespread condition involves decreased estrogenization of vaginal tissue and can cause painful sexual activity and urination, as well as vaginal dryness, itching and irritation.
Razumovsky, Saratov, Russia. Hormonal changes, especially hypoestrogenism inherent in menopause, are characterized by a variety of symptoms. More than half of menopausal women are concerned about the symptoms of VVA, such as dryness, burning, itching, vaginal discomfort, pain and burning when urinating, dyspareunia, and spotting during intercourse.
Vaginal dryness occurs in women of all ages, but it becomes much more common after menopause. The North American Menopause Society and the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health refer to this combination of menopausal symptoms, which are brought on by a drop in the body's estrogen production, as genitourinary syndrome of menopause GSM. GSM can significantly reduce quality of life, similar to other chronic conditions.
Lower hormone levels may lead to symptoms like night sweats, hot flashes, and vaginal dryness along with thin bones. Some women choose to treat their menopause symptoms with hormone medicines sometimes called Hormone Therapy. The following lists some basic information about the FDA-approved hormone medicines for menopause.