On 26 Decthe fourth-largest earthquake in a century erupted underwater off the Indonesian province of Aceh, causing a tsunami that accelerate to speeds of more than kilometres per hour and barreled one-fifth of the way around the earth. More thanpeople died in 14 countries in Southeast Asia and South Asia, and as far away as Africa; most were women — in some places three times the number of men — the elderly and children. In all, nearly 2.
Indonesia sits on the seismically active Pacific Ring of Fire and is regularly hit by earthquakes. A massive 9. A series of strong quakes hit the western coast of Sumatra in late March and early April.
HONG KONG Reuters - A mega-tsunami struck southeast Asia years ago rivaling the deadly one intwo teams of geologists said after finding sedimentary evidence in coastal marshes. A person drives past a tsunami hit building at Peraliya in Hikkaduwa, December 23, Researchers in Thailand and Indonesia wrote in two articles in Nature magazine that the tsunami hit aroundlong before historical records of earthquakes in the region began.
It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9. The earthquake was caused by a rupture along the fault between the Burma Plate and the Indian Plate. Communities along the surrounding coasts of the Indian Ocean were seriously affected, and the tsunamis killed an estimatedpeople in 14 countries. The Indonesian city of Banda Aceh reported the largest number of victims.
Although most readers understand aspects of the behaviour of earthquakes, some context may be useful to those who do not specialize in apocalyptic disasters like the Boxing Day event in the Indian Ocean. Context is also useful in considering how technical information was brought to bear on public policy in this case. The earthquake occurred on Boxing Day morning Sumatra time and the tsunami hit Bandah Aceh, the capital of Northern Sumatra, not more than 15 minutes after the strong shaking in that city.
The report considered all tsunamis generated by eruptive processes, rapid ground deformation and slope instability at volcanoes. At least 17 different volcanoes in Southeast Asia generated tsunamis in the last years, with 40 events that have been reported since Some of the volcanic tsunami events killed thousands on Asian coasts.
As if the near obliteration of their seaside village wasn't enough, survivors returned to their ruined town to find older, long-buried human remains mixed among the recently deceased - under capsized fishing boats, inside collapsed houses and pinned beneath shattered chunks of wharf. When the giant waves came, he says, they disinterred corpses of local people who had been laid to rest generations ago, throwing all the bodies onto higher ground. Among the newly dead: a staggering 11 members of Uthumalebbe's extended family, who were caught unaware as the earthquake-driven surge steamrolled an uncle's house, located just a few metres from the shoreline.
The tsunami that affected the coasts of the Indian ocean on December 26, claimed close to lives, mainly on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which suffered overwhelming devastation. This article asks whether a tsunami warning system is needed in the Indian Ocean, where the probability of experiencing a similar catastrophe is very small. In addition, other alternatives, including land use planning and education focused on tsunami risk management, are presented.
The earthquake, which measured 9. Its force was felt more than 3, miles away in Somalia on the eastern coast of Africa, where nine people were reported killed. Aid agencies were rushing staff and equipment to the region, warning that rotting bodies were threatening health and water supplies.
Tsunami ofcaused by a 9. However, less reported, albeit real, is its impact in the islands of the Indian Ocean more than 1, miles away from its epicenter. This is the first peer-reviewed paper on the tsunami events specifically in the eleven nations bordering the Indian Ocean, as they constitute a region at risk, due to the presence of tectonic interactive plate, absence of a tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean, and lack established communication network providing timely information to that region. Our paper has a dual objective: the first objective is to report the tsunami event in relation to the 11 nations bordering the Indian Ocean.