A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Medics will also perform a careful clinical exam. However, sometimes a radiologist will delay the request for a biopsy until ultrasound confirms a mass.
Ultrasound is a useful diagnostic tool for breast cancer detection. Breast ultrasound is used to distinguish solid from cystic masses using sound waves. Is it a hypoechoic mass or is it a hyperechoic lesion?
If your exam does find something abnormal, you will need follow-up tests to check whether or not the finding is breast cancer. For most women, follow-up tests will show normal breast tissue. For other women, follow-up tests will show a benign not cancer breast condition.
Medically reviewed by Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD. Although breast cancer is the most common cancer found in womenmost breast lumps are not cancer.
A lump in the breast is a cause of great concern. High frequency, high-resolution USG helps in its evaluation. This is exemplified in women with dense breast tissue where USG is useful in detecting small breast cancers that are not seen on mammography.
A breast lump is a mass that develops in the breast. Breast lumps vary in size and texture and may cause pain. Some are not found until a physical or imaging exam. Most breast lumps are benign non-cancerous.
During fine-needle aspiration, a special needle is inserted into a breast lump, and any fluid is removed aspirated. Ultrasound — a procedure that uses sound waves to create images of your breast on a monitor — might be used to help place the needle. After discussing your symptoms and health history, your doctor will do a breast exam and may order a diagnostic mammogram or a breast ultrasound.
Evaluation of breast lumps is one our greatest challenges at our center. Breasts are by nature lumpy, and this lumpiness is accentuated with hormonal stimulation, as occurs with the menstrual cycle and with hormone replacement therapy. Most lumps are not cancer, but if a lump is a cancer, it is imperative to make the diagnosis as soon as possible. Thus, when it comes to lumps, we have a dual challenge: First, to diagnosis breast cancer early; and second, to reassure the patient when the lump is benign.