There are different types of teaching methods which can be categorised into three broad types. The teacher is looked upon by the learners as an expert or an authority. Learners on the other hand are presumed to be passive and copious recipients of knowledge from the teacher.
The adult education literature generally supports the idea that teaching adults should be approached in a different way than teaching children and adolescents, groups sometimes referred to as preadults. The assumption that teachers of adults should use a style of teaching different from that used with preadults is based on "informed professional opinion; philosophical assumptions associated with humanistic psychology and progressive education; and a growing body of research and theory on adult learning, development, and socialization" Beder and Darkenwaldp. Following a discussion of the major model underlying this assumption, this ERIC Digest examines research that investigates differences in these teaching styles and suggests considerations for practice.
Malcolm Knowlesa pioneer in adult education, popularized the concept of five teaching strategies for adults, which states that students learn best when:. Adults students are special because they step foot into a classroom with the desire to learn. They are there to learn something new or become certified in a particular field.
The teacher of adults has a different job from the one who teaches children. If you're teaching adult students, for the best results it's important to understand and practice five principles espoused by Malcolm Knowles, a pioneer in the study of adult learning. He observed that adults learn best when:.
Andragogy refers to methods and principles used in adult education. Interpreted broadly throughout academic literature, the term also invites other definitions such as " adult education practice", "desirable values", "specific teaching methods", "reflections", and "academic discipline"with many authors claiming it to be better than traditional adult education. The term has been used by some to allow discussion of contrast between self-directed and self-taught education.
Education, as with other industries, has evolved in leaps and bounds in recent years. A number of different teaching techniques have emerged due to this change in education. Outlined below are some popular teaching techniques that have arisen from the integration of technology in education.
Adults and K—12 students have distinctly different learning styles, mostly because of life experience and maturity levels. For the most part, adults choose to be in a learning environment; they understand how the content applies to their lives, and they see a direct connection between learning the material and being more successful. Understanding the motivation adults have to learn as well as the most effective methods to teach them is critical to the success of your training programs, so here are five tips for improving your internal training programs and engaging participants.
A lot of teachers will find they have to teach younger people however many more will also be teaching adults. This is obviously true with regards to those within the world of business English. Sometimes it can be a little tricky, particularly if those adults are a lot older than yourself. Many factors need to be taken into account, such as respect and making sure you do not patronize them however many people sometimes feel that they are doing this without meaning to.
Studies in adult learning theory show that adults prefer courses that focus heavily on application of concepts to relevant issues. To retain and use new information they need to be able to integrate the information with what they already know. Tasks must be slow to moderate pace and not complex or unusual to avoid interference with adult learning.