Although sex-specific differences in cardiovascular medicine are well known, the exact influences of sex on the effect of cardiovascular drugs remain unclear. Women and men differ in body composition and physiology hormonal influences during the menstrual cycle, menopause, and pregnancy and they present differences in drug pharmacokinetics absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion and pharmacodynamics, so that is not rare that they may respond differently to cardiovascular drugs. Furthermore, women are also less often treated with evidence-based drugs thereby preventing optimization of therapeutics for women of all ages, experience more relevant adverse drug reactions than men, and remain underrepresented in most clinical trials.
Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, Please log in.
Correspondence Address : Dr. Background: Surgeons are at an increased risk of contracting blood-borne pathogens. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed using a purposive sampling.
Aims: This cross-sectional survey assessed and compared by gender the levels and correlates of achieving the international guidelines recommendations on five forms of physical activity PA walking, moderate PA, vigorous PA, moderate or vigorous PA - MVPA, and muscle-strengthening PA. We examined the associations between achieving the international guidelines recommendations on five forms of PA and a variety of sociodemographic, health and academic performance variables. Methods: Data was collected across nine Libyan universitiesrepresentative sample of 1, undergraduates. Cut-offs for recommended guidelines were set according to the American Heart Association.
How do sex differences contribute to exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction HFpEFas measured by various invasive hemodynamic and echocardiographic parameters? Exclusions included more than mild valvular disease and significant pulmonary disease. All patients were undergoing clinically indicated exercise right heart catheterization RHC via supine cycle ergometry.
There has been considerable effort in the last decade to increase the participation of women in engineering through various policies. This article aims to present a comprehensive gendered analysis of engineering publications across different specialties and provide a cross-gender analysis of research output and scientific impact of engineering researchers in academic, governmental, and industrial sectors. For this purpose,engineering articles published from to are extracted from the Web of Science database andauthorships are analyzed.
Alice H. In 3 experiments, male and female university students read a scenario describing a communicator's attempt to influence a recipient and then judged how much influence would occur. The scenarios in Exp I described a man trying to influence a woman or a woman trying to influence a man. For scenarios in which job titles were omitted, Ss believed that women held lower status jobs than men and that women were more likely to comply behaviorally with men than men were with women.
Sex Roles. Sex differences in compliance and persuasiveness were examined while varying the sex-role relevance of the stimulus. The results show that males were more compliant than females when the stimulus statements concerned female sex-role-related activities and that females were more easily influenced when they responded to statements about male sex-role-related activities.