Over the past 30 years, the prevalence of obesity has quadrupled among adolescents in the United States. Overweight and obesity in adolescence is associated with overweight and obesity in adulthood, putting obese adolescents at increased risk of several adverse health conditions, including overweight and obesity later in life, high cholesterol and blood pressure, prediabetes, bone and joint problems, cancer, and other social and psychological health outcomes. Adolescent weight status varies by several factors, including sex, race and ethnicity, and poverty status.
The number of overweight or obese infants and young children aged 0 to 5 years increased from 32 million globally in to 41 million in In the WHO African Region alone the number of overweight or obese children increased from 4 to 9 million over the same period. If current trends continue the number of overweight or obese infants and young children globally will increase to 70 million by
Rates of obesity have increased dramatically in recent decades for Americans of all ages according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC. In the past 30 years, childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled among adolescents. Obesity is an excessive accumulation of body fat such that individuals are over 20 percent heavier than their ideal body weight.
Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic females were more likely to be obese than their non-Hispanic white and Asian peers at 25 and 24 percent, versus 14 and 10 percent, respectively. Inchildren ages 6 to 11 were more than four times as likely to be obese having a body mass index [BMI] at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile as they were in 18 and 4 percent, respectively. Over the same period, the share of adolescents ages 12 to 19 who were obese more than tripled, from 6 to 21 percent.
Globally, an estimated 43 million preschool children under age 5 were overweight or obese ina 60 percent increase since Byif the current epidemic continues unabated, 9 percent of all preschoolers will be overweight or obese-nearly 60 million children. Obesity rates are higher in adults than in children.
Body mass index BMI is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. BMI provides the most useful population-level measure of overweight and obesity as it is the same for both sexes and for all ages of adults. However, it should be considered a rough guide because it may not correspond to the same degree of fatness in different individuals.
In42 million infants and young children were overweight or obese, worldwide 1 and 70 million young children will be overweight or obese by if current trends continue. Obesity in childhood is associated with a wide range of serious health complications and an increased risk of premature onset of illnesses, including diabetes and heart disease. Canada, like many nations, is in the midst of an epidemic of overweight and obesity. There has been a dramatic increase in unhealthy weights in Canada.
The problem of childhood obesity in the United States has grown considerably in recent years. Approximately Obesity is among the easiest medical conditions to recognize but most difficult to treat.
By Laura DonnellyHealth Editor. The study of more thanchildren in England shows that 25 per cent of girls and 24 per cent of boys between the ages of 11 and 15 are now obese. Overall the research shows one in three children aged between 2 and 15 are now overweight or obese - echoing previous figures published by the NHS.