Though elephants are native to only Africa and Asia, they hold significant cultural and symbolic meaning around the world. WWF focuses on conserving the world's largest land mammal in landscapes across both Asia and Africa. We work with wildlife managers, governments, and local communities to stop poaching, reduce human-wildlife conflict, maintain connectivity, and improve monitoring and research.
To the untrained eye, African and Asian elephants can be indistinguishable, but there are key physical features that make these two species relatively easy to tell apart. The most noticeable physical differences can be seen in the ears, tusks and head shapes of the two species, according to The Elephant Sanctuary, a natural-habitat refuge for endangered elephants located in Hohenwald, Tenn. Send us an email and we'll look for an expert who can crack it.
You may have been taught that there are only two species of elephants : the African elephant and the Asian elephant. Inscientists recategorized the African elephant species into two distinct species, the larger being the African savanna elephant and the smaller being the African forest elephant. Asian and African elephants can be differentiated most easily by their ears, their head shape, and their tusks.
One of these things is not like the other…but at first it might be hard to see the difference between African and Asian elephants. A lot as it turns out. African elephants have large ears filled with hundreds of tiny capillaries to help them release excess heat, keeping them cooler on the hot, often treeless plains of Africa. Asian elephants have smaller, curved ears, likely because they live in slightly cooler climates.
There are many differences between Asian and African elephants. Both types of elephant are members of the same taxonomical family, elephantidae, but are of a different genus; elephas maximus Asian elephants, Loxodonta africana African savanna elephants and Loxodonta cyclotis African Forest Elephant. The African elephant is significantly larger, with bulls growing up to 4m tall.
Sign in to Londolozi Live to connect with other voices of the wild. Learn more. Not a Member yet?
This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Published online 21 December Nature doi Natasha Gilbert.
Posted by Editorial Team InterestsWildlife 0. Last Updated on June 21st, The most beautiful and complex mammals on our planet, elephants are vastly misunderstood.
New research has shown that there are significant differences between the Asian and the African forest elephant - and it isn't just about size and the shape of their ears. It is about what they eat and how they affect forest ecosystems. See video here.
The Asian elephant Elephas maximusalso called Asiatic elephantis the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asiafrom India in the west, Nepal in the north, Sumatra in the south, and to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognised— E. The Asian elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia.