GBS can cause symptoms that last for a few weeks to several years. Most people recover fully, but some have permanent nerve damage. Some people have died of GBS.
The cause is unknown. In those with severe weakness, prompt treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins or plasmapheresistogether with supportive care, will lead to good recovery in the majority of people. This is followed by weakness of the legs and arms that affects both sides equally and worsens over time.
GBS can cause muscle weakness, pain, and short-term temporary paralysis of the muscles in the face chest, and leg and those used to swallow. Paralyzed chest and swallowing muscles can lead to breathing problems, choking, and death if not treated. Most children diagnosed with GBS recover fully with no complications. Recovery often starts within a few weeks after the symptoms begin.
GBS affects approximately only one or two people each year in everypopulation. There is strong evidence that the immune response to the infection produces a so-called autoimmune response which damages the nerves causing weakness and loss of sensation. In milder disease the damage only affects the nerve sheaths and blocks the passage of nerve impulses.
GBS can range from a very mild case with a brief weakness to nearly devastating paralysis, leaving the person unable to breathe independently. Fortunately, most people eventually recover from even the most severe cases of GBS. After recovery, some people will continue to have some degree of weakness.
Between 3, and 6, people in the U. With this rare disorder, your body's immune system attacks your nerves. The cause of Guillain-Barre isn't known, but many who develop it experienced a viral or bacterial illness a couple of weeks before they were diagnosed.
What are the symptoms of GBS? What happens in GBS? How does nerve damage occur? What disorders are related to GBS?
Guillain-Barre syndrome destroys the protective covering of the peripheral nerves myelin sheathpreventing the nerves from transmitting signals to the brain. Weakness and tingling in your extremities are usually the first symptoms. These sensations can quickly spread, eventually paralyzing your whole body.