After more than 35 years of epidemiological and biomedical research, the question of whether you can get HIV from oral sex remains confusing. So let's start by separating hypotheticals from the hard facts and statistics. If asking can a person get HIV from oral sex, the honest answer would have to be possible but unlikely.
You can also use other HIV prevention methods, below. If you are living with HIVthe most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take your HIV medication known as antiretroviral therapy or ARTevery day, exactly as prescribed. There also are other options to choose from, below.
The chances of HIV being passed from one person to another depend on the type of contact. HIV is most easily spread or transmitted through unprotected anal sex, unprotected vaginal sex, and sharing injection drug equipment. Unprotected sex means sex in which no condoms or other barriers are used.
Several studies suggest that the increase in sexually transmitted infections STIs among men who have sex with men MSM could be due, in part, to human immunodeficiency virus HIV risk reduction strategies, which include engaging in oral sex over anal sex. In contrast, there was no significant difference in STI diagnoses between those that engaged in HIV protective oral sex behaviors and those that did not. The findings provide evidence to support the unique duality of oral sex: decreased risk for HIV and perpetuation of STI risk.
Risk of HIV infection attributable to oral sex among men who have sex with men and in the population of men who have sex with men. The risk of HIV attributable to fellatio is extremely low. Since HIV was identified as being sexually transmitted, there has been considerable interest in the risk associated with performing fellatio.
The biologic risk of transmission through female-to-female sex is unknown, but case reports of female-to-female transmission of HIV and the well-documented risk of female-to-male transmission of HIV indicate that vaginal secretions and menstrual blood are potentially infectious and that mucous membrane e. Am J Pub Health ; AIDS ;
Understanding how HIV can and cannot be transmitted is vital to preventing new infections. HIV is a rapidly changing virus but, thankfully, it is also entirely preventable. Some people assume that certain behaviors or exposure situations can cause HIV disease, even if the virus is not present. This is not true.
Back to Sexual health. HIV is transmitted through seminal and vaginal fluids, including menstrual fluids. The virus can enter the body through the bloodstream or by passing through delicate mucous membranes, such as inside the vagina, rectum or urethra.
The virus is transmitted between partners when the fluids of one person come into contact with the blood stream of another person. This contact can occur from a cut or broken skin, or through the tissues of the vagina, rectum, foreskin, or the opening of the penis. Oral sex ranks very low on the list of ways HIV can be transmitted.